While mosquitoes get a meal from your blood, they can transmit pathogens. Find out what diseases you can get as a result of mosquitoes’ bite and what you can do to prevent them.
Aedes mosquitoes spread Zika virus. In May 2015, there is a Zika virus pandemic in Brazil that spreads across South and Central of America. In November 2015, there are indications that the Zika virus is harmful to unborn children. For pregnant women, it is, therefore, advised not to travel to these areas.
Zika virus is related to other viruses that are spread by mosquitoes, such as Dengue (Dengue), yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis and West Nilekoorts. Symptoms usually occur after three to twelve days after the Zika virus infected by mosquito bite. Those symptoms are fever, conjunctivitis, headaches, numbness, muscle and joint pain, skin rash and sometimes loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea or abdominal pain. Asking for the correct diagnosis is difficult because these symptoms are very similar to those of dengue or chikungunya infection.
The recovery period is usually two to seven days, without any serious problems. Infection during pregnancy can be harmful to the unborn child.
Malaria is one of the best known diseases that you can find in the tropical countries. It is an infectious disease caused by malaria parasites that enter the body through a mosquito bite. The parasites multiply first in the liver and then into the red blood cells. The symptoms usually are chills, followed by fever. Usually, these symptoms are preceded by a flu-like feeling.
When traveling in areas with resistant malaria parasites, you should be aware that you can get malaria even if you already take malaria tablets. Malaria may occur if severe attacks of chills and fever as well as flu-like symptoms with headache without apparent fever. Because malaria tropica can be very severe you should always be on the side of caution. Fever or flu should be considered for no more than two days until malaria is proven otherwise. So go within 48 hours to a doctor.
To prevent mosquito bites you need to protect yourself against it. Because mosquitoes especially in the dark is active, you should pay attention, especially at night. Take measures: sleeping in a mosquito-free room or under a mosquito net, wear covering clothing, coat the exposed skin with insect repellent or mosquito marker. For the right way, you can contact your pharmacy.
The most important way to prevent malaria is the use of antimalarials (malaria prophylaxis). This should be taken for three weeks before arrival in a malaria area. Other resources (Paludrine and Navaquine) should be taken on the departure date. After four weeks after returning home, you still need pills in order to prevent malaria breakthrough. Even after returning to the hometown, you can still get malaria during or after the use of prophylaxis. After returning from a malaria area, each flu can be a novice falciparum malaria. Therefore, in that case, include your GP, while you’ve been in a malaria area.
Dengue is a viral disease transmitted by the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. There are two forms of Dengue: Dengue fever and Dengue haemorrhagic fever.
Dengue fever is a flu-like disease, which particularly occurs and goes rarely severe in older children and adults. Dengue hemorrhagic fever is the second and more severe form in which bleeding and shock occur and can be fatal in rare cases. Especially, children are seriously ill.
People with one of these two types of fever should consult a physician. Proper diagnosis and timely treatment may save a life. The dengue symptoms vary depending on the age and general health condition of the patient. Infants and young children may have a fever with a rash resembling measles. This disease can be very similar to measles, influenza, malaria , jaundice and other febrile diseases.
The best way to avoid dengue, is the use of mosquito protection means. You can also place them at where mosquitoes can nest. Remove debris from the residence and cover places and objects where water can remain in. Also mosquito netting or a screen door will help to keep out the mosquitoes. If unfortunately, these measures are not effective, make sure you have a mosquito net in the house.
Yellow fever is a viral infectious disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes. The disease causes sudden fever, headache, back pain , nausea, vomiting, fatigue, jaundice and renal dysfunction . There may be bleeding from especially the mouth and intestines arise. In epidemic situations, yellow fever in forty percent of cases are fatal.
Travel agencies and tour operators can generally give good information about mandatory vaccination against yellow fever. The yellow fever vaccination is recommended for traveling to some African, and South American countries. Vaccination against yellow fever is provided in approved centers. The vaccine has a protective effect for more than a decade.
Japanese Encephalitis is a rare but dangerous disease transmitted by mosquitoes in rural parts of East and Southeast Asia. The virus of mosquitoes has meningitis as a result. Fever, headaches, intestinal problems and then also confusion are the first symptoms of this disease. It is strongly recommended that you make good use of mosquito protection agents. Because there are still no specific medications against this disease, it is strongly recommended that before your vacation, get a vaccination. However, there is still a chance that you will get the disease.
Tips against (malaria) mosquitoes
Mosquitoes stabbing especially between sunset and sunrise. It is, therefore, wise to be especially at that time to wear covering clothing, socks and shoes.
- Use air conditioning in your room
- Sleep in a preferably impregnated mosquito net
- Always check before bedtime if there are mosquitoes in the room and in the mosquito net presence.
- Check your mosquito net and timely repair as necessary or replace it with a new one.
- Never lie against the mosquito net to. Use an insect repellent for the uncovered parts of the body. Means by diethyltoluamide (DEET) are the most effective. However, caution is advised in young children and pregnant women.
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